Help:Links

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<languages/> {{#invoke:Template translation|renderTranslatedTemplate|uselang=|tntns=|template=PD Help Page|noshift=}} <translate> There are five types of links in MediaWiki:

  1. [[<tvar|internal>#Internal links</>|Internal links]] to other pages in the wiki
  2. [[<tvar|external>#External links</>|External links]] to other websites
  3. [[<tvar|external2>#External links to internal pages</>|External links to internal pages]] in the wiki
  4. [[<tvar|interwiki>#Interwiki links</>|Interwiki links]] to other websites registered to the wiki in advance
  5. [[<tvar|interlang>#Interlanguage links</>|Interlanguage links]] to other websites registered as other language versions of the wiki</translate>

<translate>

Contents

Internal links

To add an internal link, enclose the name of the page you want to link to in double square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page. If the page exists already it is displayed in blue, if it does not, in red. Selflinks to the current page are not transformed in URLs but displayed in bold. (If you really want to link to the current page, use an anchor (see below), or [[#top|current page]] which always links to the top.)

The first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized, unless otherwise set by the admins, and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link will have a similar effect as typing a space, but is not recommended, since the underscore will also be shown in the text).

</translate>

<translate>

Description</translate>

<translate>

You type</translate>

<translate>

You get</translate>

<translate>

Internal link</translate>

[[Main Page]]

[[Help:Contents]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)]]
Main Page

Help:Contents

Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)

<translate>

Piped link</translate>

[[Main Page|different text]]

[[Main Page#Concrete_Paragraph|different text2]]

<translate> See also [[<tvar|meta>meta:Special:MyLanguage/Help:Piped link</>|meta:Help:Piped link]]</translate>

different text

different text2

Pipe trick
[[Help:Contents|]]

[[User:John Doe|]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)|]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (third-party)|]]

<translate> The pipe trick quickly makes shorter link text, but could be confusing in circumstances like the DynamicPageList link examples.</translate>

Contents

John Doe

DynamicPageList

DynamicPageList

<translate>

Word-ending links, following so called "linktrail rules" localised per each language</translate>

[[Help]]s

[[Help]]ing

[[Help]]ers

[[Help]]almostanylettersyoulikehere

Helps

Helping

Helpers

Helpalmostanylettersyoulikehere

<translate>

Avoiding word-ending links</translate>

[[Help]]<nowiki />ful advice

[[wikipedia:GNU General Public License|GPL]]<nowiki />v3

Helpful advice

GPLv3

<translate>

Redirect</translate>

#REDIRECT [[Main Page]]

<translate> See also [[<tvar|redirects>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Redirects</>|Help:Redirects]]</translate>

Main Page
<translate>

Internal link to an anchor</translate>

[[#See also]]

<translate> [[<tvar|formatting>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Formatting</>|Section headings]] and the top of the page are automatically anchored.</translate>

#See also
<translate>

Internal link to an anchor from different text</translate>

[[#See also|different text]]
different text
<translate>

Setting an internal link anchor</translate>

<div id="NameOfAnchorHere">optional text</div>

Omit the "optional text" for invisible anchor.

optional text
<translate>

Internal link to an anchor at another page</translate>

[[Help:Images#Supported media types for images]]
Help:Images#Supported media types for images
<translate>

Internal link to the current page's talk page</translate>

[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]

<translate> See also [[<tvar|page-names>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Magic_words#Page_names</>|Help:Magic_words#Page_names]]</translate>

Discussion
<translate>

Internal link to a subpage</translate>

[[/example]]

<translate> Shortcut for [[Help:Links/example|/example]]. See also [[<tvar|subpages>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Subpages</>|Help:Subpages]].</translate>

/example
<translate>

Internal link to a subpage without the leading slash</translate>

[[/example/]]

Shortcut for [[Help:Links/example|example]].

example
<translate>

Internal link to a category page</translate>

[[:Category:Help]]

<translate> See also [[<tvar|cat>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Categories</>|Help:Categories]]</translate>

Category:Help
<translate>

Internal link to an image or a file of other types</translate>

[[media:example.jpg]]

[[media:example.pdf]]

Linking directly to a file page without creating a thumbnail is done by the following syntax:

[[:File:example.pdf]]

<translate> See also [[<tvar|images>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Images</>|Help:Images]]</translate>

media:example.jpg

media:example.pdf


File:example.pdf

<translate>

Internal link to the user's user page</translate>

[[Special:MyPage]]
Special:MyPage
<translate>

Internal link to the user's talk page</translate>

[[Special:MyTalk]]
Special:MyTalk

<translate>

External links

To add an external link, enclose the URL followed by space and the name of the page you want to link to in single square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page, with an arrow icon after it to show that it was coded with single bracket external link syntax, and thus may lead to another site. </translate>

<translate>

Description</translate>

<translate>

You type</translate>

<translate>

You get</translate>

<translate>

External link</translate>

http://mediawiki.org http://mediawiki.org
<translate>

External link with different label</translate>

[http://mediawiki.org MediaWiki] MediaWiki
<translate>

Numbered external link</translate>

[http://mediawiki.org] [1]
<translate>

External links with file icons</translate>

[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.ogg sound] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]

<translate> See [[<tvar|external3>#External link icons</>]] for currently supported icons and extensions.</translate>

video
sound
document

<translate>

Protocol-relative external link (Will be http if the current URL uses http, or https if it uses https)</translate>

[//en.wikipedia.org wikipedia]
[//en.wikipedia.org //en.wikipedia.org]

<translate> This is only supported inside square brackets [ ] – //en.wikipedia.org by itself does not make a link.</translate>

wikipedia
//en.wikipedia.org

<translate>

External link to the same host</translate>

http://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename http://wiki.nerd.nu/pagename
<translate>

External link to other host passing the pagename</translate>

http://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}

<translate> See also: [[<tvar|encoded>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Magic_words#URL_encoded_page_names</>|URL encoded page names]], [[<tvar|PAGENAMEE>Special:MyLanguage/Manual:PAGENAMEE encoding</>|PAGENAMEE encoding]]</translate>

http://google.com/search?q=Links
<translate>

Mailto link</translate>

[mailto:info@example.org email me] email me
<translate>

Mailto named with subject line and body</translate>

[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&body=Body%20Text info] info
<translate>

Custom URI</translate>

[skype:echo123 call me]

<translate> Any URI you wish to add needs to be first declared through <tvar|UrlProtocols>$wgUrlProtocolsManual:$wgUrlProtocols</>.</translate>

[skype:echo123 call me]
<translate>

(Disabled on mediawiki.org)</translate>

<translate>

External links to internal pages

To add a link to a page on the same wiki using URL query parameters, you may need to use external link syntax. </translate>

<translate>

Description</translate>

<translate>

You type</translate>

<translate>

You get</translate>

<translate>

External link to the current page's edit page</translate>

[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]
Edit this page
<translate>

External link to the current page's edit page using the [[<tvar|url-data>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Magic_words#URL_data</>|fullurl parser function]]</translate>

[{{fullurl:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit this page]

<translate> See also [[<tvar|url-data>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Magic_words#URL_data</>|Help:Magic_words#URL_data]] and [[<tvar|external>#External links</>|#External links]]</translate>

Edit this page
<translate>

External link to the current page's edit page, and styled to look like an internal link</translate>

<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]</span>

<translate> The plainlinks class can be used in cases where you want an external link to look like an internal one, by suppressing the icon that normally appears after it.</translate>

Edit this page

<translate>

External link icons

</translate>

<translate>

Test link</translate> !! <translate> Icon</translate> !! <translate> Trigger</translate>

[2] File:Icon External Link.png http://, gopher://, [//]
[3] File:Lock icon blue.gif https://
[4] File:Icon External Link E-Mail.png mailto:
[5] File:Icon External Link Newsgroups.png news://
[6] File:Icon External Link FTP.png ftp://
[7] File:Icon External Link IRC.png irc://
[8] File:Icon External Link MP3.png .ogg, .mid, .midi, .mp3, .wav, .wma
[9] File:Icon External Link Video.png .ogm, .avi, .mpeg, .mpg
[10] File:Icons-mini-file acrobat.gif .pdf, .pdf#, .pdf?

<translate>

How to avoid auto-links

When you put a URL on a wiki page it will be automatically converted into an external link, like this: </translate>

http://mediawiki.org

<translate> To avoid that effect, put the URL between <tvar|1><nowiki></> tags, like this: </translate>

<nowiki>http://mediawiki.org</nowiki>

<translate> To get this:</translate>

http://mediawiki.org

<translate>

Interwiki links

Interwiki links are links with the internal link markup to a website registered in advance. For example, you can link to the article http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower by typing [[wikipedia:Sunflower]], which will result in a link wikipedia:Sunflower. This works because by default MediaWiki configures wikipedia: as an "interwiki prefix" that turns into http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ when used inside [[ ]]. (It may not work if the admin of your wiki has changed the setting.) Unlike internal links, interwiki links do not use page existence detection, so an interwiki link will appear blue even if the page does not exist on the remote wiki.

Similar to internal page links, you can create piped links, with alternate link label, e.g. [[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]] is the link big yellow flower and [[wikipedia:Sunflower|]] is the link Sunflower.

Basically, interwiki links are abbreviations for commonly-used longer external links. A very similar link could be created as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower big yellow flower].

More details are at [[<tvar|interwiki>Special:MyLanguage/Manual:Interwiki</>|Manual:Interwiki]] and m:Help:Interwiki linking. Your wiki may have a Special:Interwiki page listing the interwiki prefixes it supports; here is the default interwiki list. You can edit the [[<tvar|interwiki-table>Special:MyLanguage/Manual:Interwiki table</>|Manual:Interwiki table]] on your site. </translate>

<translate>

Interlanguage links

If your wiki has other language versions, you may find “interlanguage links” in the [[<tvar|sidebar>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Navigation#Sidebar</>|sidebar]], just below [[<tvar|toolbox>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Navigation#Toolbox</>|toolbox]] in the box named “in other languages.”

Interlanguage links behave similarly to interwiki links, except that they are listed in the sidebar. To create an interlanguage link from a page, just type [[language prefix:pagename]] wherever you like in the page; the language prefix is the prefix specified at your wiki for the other language version (typically the ISO 639-1 language code).

If you want to make the interlanguage link appear in the content of the page rather than in the sidebar, you can add a colon before the language prefix:

[[:en:Sunflower]]en:Sunflower

When a link is both interwiki and interlanguage, the order is wikipedia:en:Sunflower. </translate>

<translate>

See also

  • [[<tvar|linked-images>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Linked images</>|Linked images]]

</translate>

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